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Literacy & Numeracy Framework (LNF)

The National Literacy & Numeracy Framework (LNF)
Y Fframwaith Llythrennedd a
Rhifedd Cenedlaethol

The Literacy and Numeracy Framework (LNF) has been designed by the Welsh Government (WG), so that our children develop excellent literacy and numeracy skills during their time at school. It provides all learners aged 5-14 years with clear annual expected outcomes for literacy and numeracy.


The LNF is designed to help teachers embed literacy and numeracy into all subjects.


The LNF sets the skills we expect learners to develop.

Within literacy we expect learners to become accomplished in:

  • oracy across the curriculum
  • reading across the curriculum
  • writing across the curriculum.

Within numeracy we expect learners to become accomplished in:

  • developing numerical reasoning
  • using number skills
  • using measuring skills
  • using data skills.

Teachers use the LNF to:

  • develop curriculum content to ensure that all learners have opportunities to develop and refine the skills set out in the LNF
  • integrate literacy and numeracy into their teaching – whatever the subject matter
  • inform discussions with parents/guardians, learners and other teachers about learner performance
  • help learners with their own self-assessment activities and planning for learning
  • monitor, assess and report on individual learner performance
  • identify learners who may benefit from intervention or who are working beyond age-related expectations.

For further information, please click below to download our LNF Pamphlet for Parents.

Interactive National Literacy and Numeracy Framework instructional video

Learn about the National Literacy and Numeracy Framework.

National Reading & Numeracy Tests
Profion Darllen a Rhifedd Cenedlaethol

Children in Years 2 to 9 now take national tests in reading and numeracy each summer. It is really important that your child is in school to take the tests.



The reading tests are made up of short questions based on two or more texts. Some of the questions check how well the text has been understood, others aim to find out if children are able to make judgements about what they are reading.




There are two kinds of numeracy tests. 

  1. The procedural test measures skills in number, measuring and data skills. 
  2. The reasoning test measures how well children can use what they know to solve everyday problems. ‚Äč


Click below to download a document that explains the National Tests and what the results can tell you about your child's progress.

Reading and Numeracy test results - animated guide for parents/carers

This short animation talks parents/carers through the National Reading and Numeracy Test reports.